Open Thinkering


TB871: Block 3 Tools stream references

Note: this is a post reflecting on one of the modules of my MSc in Systems Thinking in Practice. You can see all of the related posts in this category

A quick post to share (i) a quotation from Dewey shared in the summary to this part of the module, and (ii) the books, articles, and other material referenced in the Block 3 Tools stream that I might want to come explore at some point in the future (Open University, 2020)

Inquiry is the controlled or directed transformation of an indeterminate situation into one that is so determinate in its constituent distinctions and relations as to convert the elements of the original situation into a unified whole.

(John Dewey)

Ashby, W.R. (1956) An introduction to cybernetics. London: Chapman and Hall.

Ashby, W.R. (1960) Design for a brain. 2nd edn. London: Chapman and Hall.

Beer, S. (1959) Cybernetics and management. London: The English Universities Press.

Beer, S. (1972) Brain of the firm: the managerial cybernetics of organization. London: Allen Lane.

Beer, S. (1979) The heart of enterprise. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons.

Beer, S. (1985) Diagnosing the system for organizations. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons.

Conant, R.C. and Ashby W.R (1970) ‘Every good regulator of a system must be a model of that system’, International Journal of Systems Science, 1(2), pp. 89–97.

Dewey, J. (1938), Logic: the theory of inquiry. New York: Henry Holt and Company.

Hofstadter, D.R. (1979) Gödel, Escher, Bach: an eternal golden braid. New York: Basic Books.

Hoverstadt, P. (2020) ‘The viable system model’, in Reynolds, M. and Howell, S. (eds.) Systems approaches to making change: a practical guide. 2nd edn. Milton Keynes: The Open University/London: Springer, pp. 89–138.

Maturana, H.R. and Varela, F.J. (1998) The tree of knowledge: the biological roots of human understanding. Rev. edn. Boston and London: Shambala Publications.

Medina (2011) Cybernetic revolutionaries: technology and politics in Allende’s Chile. Cambridge: The MIT Press.

Naughton, J. (2017) Ashby’s Law of Requisite Variety. Available at: (Accessed: 28 November 2019).

Ramage, M. and Shipp, K. (2020) Systems thinkers. 2nd edn. Milton Keynes: The Open University/London: Springer.

References to references

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